Qatar's desire to transform itself into a more sustainable community is further boosting demand for district cooling technology. District cooling plays a significant role in achieving the energy goals laid out in Qatar National Vision 2030. The plan's fourth pillar, which covers environmental development, targets the adoption of more environmentally friendly technology.
With persisting harsh weather conditions in Qatar as well as across the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC), district cooling has gained significant momentum in recent years, providing a more efficient, cost-effective and environment-friendly cooling solution for a fast-growing population and increasing demand from several sectors such as infrastructure, buildings and industry.
Regarded as more energy efficient than conventional air conditioning, district cooling has become a key component of the state's drive to reduce energy consumption in line with Qatar National Vision (QNV) 2030, the country's strategic development plan. In the region, where temperatures are very high in the summer months, air conditioning accounts for 70% of the total electricity consumption, District cooling helps save 40-60% of the energy used by conventional cooling systems.
According to Qatar General Electricity & Water Corporation (Kahramaa), by 2022, Qatar will need 3,434 MW for cooling if the conventional cooling is used, while it plans to reduce power sector investment by encouraging addition district cooling use for at least 1500MW.
Kahramaa established a District Cooling Services department in May 2012, which is charged with regulating the industry, issuing licenses and ensuring compliance with national policy.